Researchers often wonder whether the effects of the intersectionality of social positions differ across strata involving different social positions.
A study suggested that discrimination based on racial and sexual minority status may have negative intersectional effects on depressive symptoms and alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use. Moreover, these effects may be stronger in women than in men and require future studies to jointly assess these social positions.
Intersectionality deals closely with systems of inequality and injustice. Individuals can visit the lookupinmate.com website to learn more about the US justice system or find a loved one incarcerated in the United States.
What is intersectionality and how does it work? Are there legal tools to help implement this concept? Can intersectionality address women’s rights? This article explains what intersectionality is and how it can help individuals understand social inequality and injustice. This article also discusses the various legal and policy tools that can help address these injustices and the future direction of intersectionality.
Intersectionality is a concept that describes the ways in which systems of inequality intersect to create unique effects and dynamics. The The factors these systems are based on the following elements:
- Race and ethnicity
- sexual orientation
- Other forms of discrimination
Within the concept of intersectionality is intersectional justice, the equal and just distribution of wealth, rights, opportunities, and political power in a society. Intersectional justice is based on the concepts of equality and social and legal rights. This form of justice also focuses on the mutual relationship between structural advantages and disadvantages, such as when one individual’s weakness turns into someone else’s privilege. For this reason, advocacy for intersectionality tends to focus on people who face the highest structural barriers in society.
The theory is that if these pleas can reach and help the most structurally disadvantaged people, then these pleas can reach anyone.
Moreover, intersectional justice sees discrimination and inequality not as results of individual intentions, but as results of systemic, structural, and institutional designs. Thus, to achieve intersectional justice, institutions must allocate opportunities and resources, directly or indirectly, to these conceptions. These institutions include the Next:
- School systems
- The work market
- Social and health insurance systems
- Tax systems
- The housing market
- The media
- Banking and lending systems
In the case of women’s rights, the following ideas can help individuals, organizations and policy makers make decisions that intersectionality:
Check your privileges: Social identities often play into his privileges. For example, differences in social class, skin color, level of education or physical constitution can offer privileges to one group and disadvantages to another, even if these individuals do not ask for such privileges.
Policy makers should consider these social identities when making decisions to create more inclusive policies that reflect intersectional justice.
Listen and learn: Intersectionality is essentially about learning and understanding the perspectives of diverse groups, especially women, and collaborating with them.
While marginalized groups can share their experiences and educate others, it can take a lot of emotional work, which should not be taken for granted. Therefore, competent organizations with the capacity to undertake some of this work should take on this responsibility and do their research.
Observe his language: Individuals, whether they realize it or not, often use words that others may interpret as offensive and excluding marginalized communities. For example, a person who says, “Are you stupid? out of annoyance or harmless joking, they may not know that someone who cannot talk is within earshot.
Thus, people should recognize and correct their use of these terms, taking into account how other people with physical disabilities might hear these words.
Additionally, individuals, especially those in privileged positions, must accept criticism and challenge others.
In this way, an intersectional community ends up better understanding the differences and evolving its language.
Provide space for those affected: People claiming to speak on behalf of another group should consider whether they are qualified to speak and discuss specific issues. For example, a multi-millionaire owner of a charity may not be the right person to speak on behalf of a marginalized group that benefits from that foundation.
Consider providing space for people who have had the experience to share their stories and actions rather than having someone else speak for them or above them.
Now comes the question of how to approach women’s rights in an intersectional way. All forms of inequality are mutually reinforcing. For example, addressing the gender pay gap without considering inequalities in other areas such as race or socioeconomic status can reinforce inequalities between women.
Thus, researchers and policymakers must analyze and address these inequalities simultaneously to prevent one inequality from reinforcing another. Additionally, donors and practitioners should take an intersectional approach in designing and funding programs that support women’s rights or other inequality issues.
These actions include the following:
- Ensure that organizations closest to the target group, such as various immigrant women’s rights organizations, take the lead in designing and implementing relevant programs.
- Recognize and trust the expertise and lived experiences of organizations and movements associated with these marginalized groups.
An example is the recognition of women’s rights organizations, whose members have also had similar experiences as marginalized women, to represent such a group.
- Fund movements and organizations representing marginalized communities, such as various women’s rights movements that represent marginalized women.
This funding can help create safe spaces where these communities can become empowered to speak freely.
Various international conventions can also contribute to combating discrimination based on sex and race. Some of these conventions include:
- Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
- International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD)
Despite these conventions, no national or international legally binding instrument at present explicitly prohibits intersectional discrimination.
In Europe, its anti-discrimination legal framework and other relevant legislation either addresses only one dimension at a time or focuses on individual rather than structural discrimination. This legislation means that individual actions and intentions significantly influence the development of anti-discrimination policies rather than the aggregation and underlying patterns of discrimination cases.
As a result, these limitations create a disconnect between anti-discrimination legislation and policies on the one hand and equal opportunities policies on the other.
An intersectional perspective of anti-discrimination efforts emphasizes the structural aspect of discrimination. When organizations and policy makers recognize and implement this perspective, they can effectively link policy efforts to redress inequalities and prevent discrimination.
Researchers and policy makers can also incorporate intersectionality into quantitative population health research. Studies can use intersectionality as a theoretical framework to investigate how multiple social identities, rather than social inequalities, simultaneously influence health inequalities.
Moreover, while science and technology have made significant progress for humanity, many individuals and groups are still being left behind.
One discipline where intersectionality can have practical application is science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM). Schools and other educational institutions can implement intersectionality by providing more opportunities for marginalized groups to enter and find employment in this field.
For example, it can be said that there should be an increase in the number of women in STEM fields. However, this generic idea is likely to primarily target white women. In this case, an intersectional approach can help provide more opportunities for Black women and other marginalized groups to work in STEM.
Organizations, educational institutions and policy makers need to integrate intersectionality into their approach, teaching and funding of science. This incorporation allows these entities to bring more inclusiveness and equal opportunity to marginalized sectors.