Overview of the Samarkand Declaration of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization


The Shanghai Cooperation Organization concludes the 2022 summit with a statement from Samarkand noting that the organization is not intended against other organizations.

  • Members and other leaders attend the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit in Samarkand, Uzbekistan, Friday, Sept. 16, 2022 (Sergei Bobylev, Sputnik, Kremlin Pool Photo via AP)

Member countries of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) have agreed that the SCO is not intended for other governments or international organizations, according to a statement released Friday at the SCO summit in Samarkand.

“Member States reaffirm that the SCO is not directed against other States and international organizations and is open to broad cooperation with them in accordance with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, the Charter of the SCO and international law, based on consideration of mutual interests and community of approaches to solving regional and global issues,” the document reads.

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On the fight against terrorism and foreign interference

The SCO said it was against any interference in the internal affairs of other nations under the guise of anti-terrorism and anti-extremism measures, the statement noted.

The document states that “Member States note the inadmissibility of interference in the internal affairs of States under the pretext of combating terrorism and extremism, as well as the inadmissibility of using terrorist, extremist and radical groups to personal ends”.

Furthermore, the statement implied that “Member States expressed their deep concern over the threat to security posed by terrorism, separatism and extremism in all its forms and manifestations, and strongly condemned terrorist acts in the world. They underscored the importance of the consistent implementation of the cooperation program of SCO member states in the fight against terrorism, separatism and extremism for 2022-2024. [signed in 2021].”

SCO member countries sought to develop cooperation in the fields of security and defense based on the “results of the meeting of defense ministers of SCO member states (Tashkent, 24-25 August 2022)”, emphasizing the importance of periodic joint military counter-terrorist exercises.

On the Iranian JCPOA

The JCPOA was also part of the Samarkand Declaration in which “Member States consider it important to sustainably implement the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on Iran’s nuclear program and, in accordance with Security Council Resolution 2231 of the United Nations, call on all participants to strictly respect their obligations for the full and effective implementation of the document”.

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On the militarization of the IT sector

The SCO statement agreed in Samarkand also noted that the organization strongly opposes the militarization of the IT sector. He dictated that “They support the elaboration of universal rules, principles and standards of responsible behavior of States in this field, also welcome the launch of the elaboration under the auspices of the United Nations of a comprehensive international convention on the fight against the use of ICTs for criminal purposes.”

On the unilateral strengthening of global missile defense systems

Member countries of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) view the unilateral strengthening of global missile defense systems as a negative trend, according to the Samarkand statement signed on Friday.

“Member States once again draw attention to the fact that the unilateral and unrestricted establishment of global missile defense systems by individual countries or groups of States has a negative impact on security and stability They consider attempts to ensure their own security at the expense of the security of other states as unacceptable,” the statement read.

On chemical weapons

The SCO called on its member countries, in line with the Samarkan Declaration, to fully implement the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and their destruction (CAC) “as an effective instrument in the field of disarmament and non-proliferation”, adding that “they stress the importance of the rapid destruction of all declared stockpiles of chemical weapons”.

On Afghanistan

The SCO statement signed on Friday stresses the importance of playing a role in advocating and supporting the formation of an inclusive, independent, neutral, united, democratic and peaceful state in Afghanistan in the hope that it will be free of terrorism, war, and drugs.

The statement said that with the participation of representatives from “all ethnic, religious and political groups in Afghan society”, SCO member states consider it “extremely important to establish an inclusive government in Afghanistan”.

On the World Trade Organization (WTO)

The SCO also called for increased efficiency of the WTO and called for its inclusive reform as soon as possible.

“Member states call for a more effective WTO as a key forum to discuss the international trade agenda and adopt the rules of the multilateral trading system,” reads the document.

On the list of terrorist, separatist and extremist organizations

Last but not least, in the Samarkand declaration, it is noted the need to develop a single list of terrorist, separatist and extremist organizations that can be adopted by all members of the organization.

“In accordance with their national laws and on the basis of consensus, Member States will endeavor to develop common principles and approaches for the formation of a single list of terrorist, separatist and extremist organizations whose activities are banned in the territories of SCO member states,” the document read.

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